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Analysis of the difference between North America and Europe LED market access requirements

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Analysis of the difference between North America and Europe LED market access requirements

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  • Time of issue:2021-12-27
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(Summary description)LED products as a new generation of green lighting gradually rise to the global application, but also with the global economic recovery and the development of China's LED industry, the scale of China's semiconductor lighting industry continues to grow, LED general lighting is still the most important driving force of market development. The export of China's LED lighting products shows that overseas markets are everywhere, and the export regional structure is more balanced. Among them, North America and The European Union market have become the two largest regions of China's LED products export, but the requirements of LED lamp products in the two regions are different to varying degrees, how to meet the requirements of the two regions and market demand has been the focus of Chinese manufacturers.

Analysis of the difference between North America and Europe LED market access requirements

(Summary description)LED products as a new generation of green lighting gradually rise to the global application, but also with the global economic recovery and the development of China's LED industry, the scale of China's semiconductor lighting industry continues to grow, LED general lighting is still the most important driving force of market development. The export of China's LED lighting products shows that overseas markets are everywhere, and the export regional structure is more balanced. Among them, North America and The European Union market have become the two largest regions of China's LED products export, but the requirements of LED lamp products in the two regions are different to varying degrees, how to meet the requirements of the two regions and market demand has been the focus of Chinese manufacturers.

  • Categories:News
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  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2021-12-27
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  LED products as a new generation of green lighting gradually rise to the global application, but also with the global economic recovery and the development of China's LED industry, the scale of China's semiconductor lighting industry continues to grow, LED general lighting is still the most important driving force of market development. The export of China's LED lighting products shows that overseas markets are everywhere, and the export regional structure is more balanced. Among them, North America and The European Union market have become the two largest regions of China's LED products export, but the requirements of LED lamp products in the two regions are different to varying degrees, how to meet the requirements of the two regions and market demand has been the focus of Chinese manufacturers.
    1. Access requirements for the US and Canada
  LED lamps exported to the North American market also need to meet the electrical safety, electromagnetic compatibility, energy efficiency and chemical testing requirements of the US regulations; But these requirements differ to varying degrees from those of the EU directive:
  A. Electrical safety test
  The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under the Us Department of Labor requires that the products used in the workplace must be tested and certified by the US National Accredited Laboratory (NRTL) to ensure the personal safety of users. Therefore, most electrical products entering the US market must conform to the NRTL mark. OSHA authorized the international certification body as NRTL certification body in accordance with the applicable standards of the product testing and certification; For the Canadian market, electrical products sold in Canada or imported into Canada must be validated by a laboratory approved by the Standards Council of Canada (SCC).
  The luminaire standards in North America are quite different from those in the EU IEC, and electrical safety testing in North America does not need to consider EMF requirements. Lighting standards in North America usually define the scope of the standard according to the purpose of installation and the place of use.

  For example: ANSI/UL 1598 and CAN/CSA C22.2 No.250.0 are applicable for fixed ceiling lamps, built-in ceiling lamps, etc. If these lamps use LED light sources, additional consideration should be given to ANSI/UL 8750 and CSA C22.2 No.250.13. For LED lamps with built-in electronic power supply, in addition to passing the test of lamp series standards, the built-in electronic power supply circuit must also meet the requirements of UL1310 or UL60950-1.
  B. Energy efficiency test
  Some regions of the United States also provide financial subsidies to energy Star or DLC certified lighting products to varying degrees; At present, the energy efficiency test of LED bulbs and lamps in the United States mainly focuses on the energy star and DLC of LED lamps. Lighting Factslabel is a voluntary requirement. The FEDERAL Minimum Energy Efficiency Requirement (DOE) of the United States has not included LED bulbs and LED lamps into the control scope. However, in California, the mobile LED lamps must meet the special requirements of California energy consumption.
  1). ENERGYSTAR energy efficiency certification
  The ENERGY STAR logo was created by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Departmentof ENERGY (DOE) to ensure the ENERGY efficiency of listed pipe products meets regulatory requirements. But it's a voluntary test. Currently, Lampsprogram V1.1 and the latest version V2.0 can be adopted for LED bulb products. However, Lampsprogram V2.0 must be adopted from January 2, 2017. For LED Luminaire products, the Energy Star Test requirements version Luminaire Program V2.0 became effective on June 1, 2016. There are three main types of LED bulbs: non-directional, directional and non-beacon. Energy Star has strict requirements on the photoelectric parameters, flicker and lumen maintenance and life of LED bulbs. The test methods refer to LM-79 and LM-80 standards. LampV2.0, the new energy star regulation bulb, significantly enhances the light efficiency requirements of the bulb, expands the product performance and range, and increases the energy efficiency and performance classification levels. EPA will continue to focus on power factor, dimming, flickering, accelerated aging solutions and connectable products.
  2). Energy Efficiency Certification by Lighting Facts Label
  It is a voluntary energy efficiency labeling program announced by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Currently, it is only for LED lighting products. It is intended to "Give them the Facts", which enables lighting products to meet the requirements of more specific and reliable data, and disclose the true performance parameters of the product from five aspects: Lumen LM, initial luminous effect LM /W, input power W, relevant color temperature CCT, color rendering index CRI. The scope of LED lamps applicable to this project is: complete lamps powered by AC mains or DC power, low-voltage 12V AC or DC lamps, LED lamps with separable power supply, linear or modular products.
  3). Energy efficiency certification of DLC
  The full name of The DLC is "The Design Lights Consortium." A voluntary Energy Efficiency certification program sponsored by Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP), The DLC certified product catalog is used to promote high-performance LED lamps across the United States that have not yet been covered by the ENERGYSTAR standard. The latest version of THE DLC technical requirements form is V4.0, which will be implemented on September 1, 2016. The lighting products involved are mainly LED lamps used in outdoor commercial and industrial buildings, such as outdoor wall lamps, garage lights, industrial and mining lights, outdoor LED lamps and LED tubes. Its main performance requirements for the product: total luminous flux, band luminous flux, luminous efficiency, color temperature, color rendering index, optical pass maintenance rate, power factor, harmonic distortion. DLC certification requires products to be tested and reported by a third party laboratory accredited by NVLAP.
  4). FTC Energy Efficiency label
  According to the FTC Regulations of the FEDERAL Trade Commission (FTC), an ENERGY Label is required to be placed on the packaging and body of LED lamps for sale in the United States to disclose the annual power consumption, life and other information of the product to the public. FTC Energy Efficiency Label is similar to the above mentioned Lighting Facts Label, but FTC Energy Efficiency Label is mandatory. See fcenergyguide label requirements for details: 16CFR305.
    5). California energy efficiency requirements
  In order to improve the Efficiency of electrical products, the California Energy Commission enacted the Appliance Efficiency Regulation on December 30, 2005. A total of more than twenty categories of products must comply with the energy efficiency and efficiency of the state of California regulatory requirements. The latest requirement is the CEC regulation issued and implemented in October 2015. For lighting products, the energy efficiency of portable LED lamps must meet CEC energy efficiency requirements before they can be sold in California, and testing must be performed in a CEC approved laboratory.
  6). Canadian energy efficiency testing requirements
  As for lamps and lanterns, NRCan has controlled universal fluorescent lamp, universal incandescent reflective lamp and universal lamp, but there is no mandatory energy efficiency requirement for LED lamps and lanterns at present.
  C. FCC/ICES testing requirements
  FCC is the mandatory certification of radio disturbance (EMI) characteristic limits of telex and video products stipulated by the Federal law of the United States, but does not include EMS (radio interference resistance) testing requirements; FCC certification test of LED lamps is quite different from EMC certification test of European Union CE.
  The FCC Certification can be divided into three modes: Verification, Declarationof Conformity, and Certification, depending on the type of product. For example, the FCC test standard for LED panel lights is FCC 47 CFR Part 15B, and the certification type is "Verification". It should be noted that FCC certification of LED lamps is divided into two categories: Class A (LED lamps used in industrial and commercial environments) and Class B (LED lamps used in residential environments). The test limits of the two categories are completely different. There is only one standard for radio harassment test limits in CE certification. The limit is similar to Class B in FCC, with an additional 9K-30mhz electromagnetic field radiation test.
  Canada also sets mandatory electromagnetic compatibility requirements for electrical products, referred to as ICES, which is a mandatory certification issued by Industry Canada. The standard for LED lamp products is ices-005, whose requirements are basically the same as FCCpart15B, but the radiation test is extended to 1000MHz. As of December 1, 2016,ICES-005 issue 4 was officially implemented and Canada no longer accepts ICES005.
    2. Requirements of EU regulations 
  In Europe, demand for LED lighting is expected to increase gradually due to a ban on the sale of incandescent bulbs. In addition, a variety of sectors including automotive, outdoor and decoration applications, as well as the use of LED lighting in indoor applications will also increase demand, compliance with EU regulatory access requirements will become a challenge for Chinese manufacturers.
  According to the Decree of the European Commission, lamps and similar products sold in Europe must be labeled with CE certification, so the products need to be labeled with CE mark, which must meet the requirements of the European Directive on electrical safety, EMC, chemical substances, energy consumption and energy efficiency labeling of lamps and lanterns:

  A. Electrical safety test

  The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) establishes overall safety requirements for all low-voltage products entering the EU. Semiconductor lighting products are defined as low-voltage products and must therefore follow the specifications of the LVD Directive. Different LED lamp products have different test standards, as shown in the following table:

  B. Electromagnetic compatibility test
  According to the requirements of EU Directive 2014/30/EU, battery compatibility test includes two aspects: electromagnetic interference (EMI) and electromagnetic tolerance (EMS). The former mainly shows conducted interference and radiation interference, while the latter mainly considers the product's tolerance to such as electrostatic discharge, radiation, pulse group, surge, conducted interference, namely anti-interference test. The main test criteria are: EN55015; EN61547 and EN61000-3-2 power supply harmonic requirements, en61000-3-3 power supply flicker requirements.
  C. the ERP directive
  For LED lamp products, the ERP directive stipulates that LED lamps and control devices shall meet the following requirements:
   ♦ Energy consumption requirements: maximum energy efficiency index EEI; Control device no-load power, standby power, and load efficiency;
   ♦ LED lamp function test requirements: 6000H lamp survival rate and lumen maintenance rate; Switching times before failure; Start time; 95% lumen rise time; Premature failure rate; Color rendering index; Color tolerance (the requirement for color consistency); Power factor PF. But at present, THE EU ERP does not put forward requirements for LED flicker;
   ♦ Product information labeling and energy efficiency labeling requirements: labeling luminous flux, nominal life, color temperature, etc. Please refer to the Implementation Rules (EUNO.1194/2012; NO. 874/2012).
   ♦ LED lamps and lanterns that meet the above electrical safety, EMC, ERP, chemical Rosh, Reach and electronic scrap recycling directives can be marked with the CE mark. In addition, LED bulbs and lamps should be labeled with energy efficiency labels according to the measured energy consumption data.
    3, conclusion
  In LED product testing, in addition to common electrical, energy efficiency, electromagnetic compatibility testing and other mandatory requirements, no matter in the European Union or North American market, more and more buyers attach importance to LED lamp products some voluntary certification and performance testing, such as the European market recognized GS certificate, the United States DLC (Design Lights Consortium), Lighting Facts test certification column names, etc. In addition, more and more buyers are paying attention to the special optical characteristics of some LED products, such as stuttering verification, spectral measurement, color consistency, as well as the performance requirements of CRI, LED aging test, energy conversion efficiency, total luminous flux, viewable range and so on. Therefore, in the increasingly competitive European and American markets, in addition to meeting the mandatory certification test, the additional performance of their products often make it easier to stand out from the many similar products.

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